Background of Flood Management Information System (FMIS), Bihar
Flood Management Information System, Bihar finds its genesis in the brainstorming meeting on Jan 18, 2006 in which the Government of Bihar (GoB) and the World Bank agreed on a water sector partnership matrix and action plan in three time horizons. In the short term it was proposed to improve the technical and institutional capacity of the State of Bihar for flood management, introducing the extensive use of modern information technologies developing and implementing a comprehensive Flood Management Information System (FMIS) in priority areas.
After successful completion of FMIS Phase I administrative approval for FMIS Phase II with estimated cost of 825.00 Lakhs was accorded on 18-1-2011. The Approval statement state that
Government of Bihar accorded the administrative approval for the establishment of Flood Management Information System with the estimated cost of Rs 261.60 lakhs on 22nd January 2007. The approval statement states that:
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After successful completion of FMIS -I, administrative approval for FMIS-II with estimated cost of 825.00 Lakhs was accorded on 18-01-2011.
Flood Management Improvement Support Centre (FMISC)
Office order of Water Resources Department, Government of Bihar bearing number – ck<+ iz0lw0iz0dks0&05@2006&491 fnukad&05@03@07 issued following the administrative approval envisages the creation, structure and function of the Flood Management Information System Cell. Extract of the Annexure-I of the office order is appended below.
“A Flood Management Information System Cell (FMISC) has been created under the overall supervision of Chief Engineer (CE), Monitoring and Planning, in Water Resources Department (WRD), GoB, and under Superintending Engineer (SE), Flood Monitoring Circle, to develop and operate the Flood Management Information System (FMIS) with technical assistance from the World Bank. Presently, one Executive Engineer as In-Charge, and six Assistant Engineers (and one peon) have been deputed to FMISC. As interim support, five contract professional staff (one remote sensing specialist, one GIS specialist, one web manager, one Disaster Management Specialist, and one Database Specialist) will also be positioned. The contract staff would be funded under DFID grant.” Thereafter
Flood Management Cell was upgraded as Flood Management Improvement Support Centre (FMISC) with Joint Director as office head and E & C (North) as administrative head by WRD notification 5/ Mh0-4-10-01/2007-551 and 1039 dated 30-06-10.
Functions of Flood Management Improvement Support Centre.
Main functions of FMISC are listed below.
(Office order of Water Resources Department, Government of Bihar bearing number –ck<+ iz0lw0iz0dks0&05@2006&491 fnukad&05@03@07)
- To coordinate and oversee development and implementation of FMIS in FMIS Cell (FMISC) office in Taramandal complex, Patna.
- To liaise with National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA) for past and current satellite imagery and inundation maps.
- To ensure operational readiness of FMIS prior to each flood season.
- To operate and disseminate information products as per plan and schedule.
- To respond to emergency data requirements through the use of FMIS.
- To follow-up on dissemination to enable effective utilization.
- To analyze feedback and experience of every flood season for improving FMIS.
- To maintain and upgrade flood website.
- To collate and compile all flood related information in FMIS.
- To plan upgrading of FMIS, including related activities like updating flood manuals, improving hydrologic observation network and data transmission, improved dissemination modes, training of stakeholders, improved rainfall and flood forecast models, etc.
- To undertake analysis of flood data for flood hazard characterization, and for periodic updating.
- To liaise with other departments and agencies involved in flood management in Bihar for effective FMIS operation and utilization.
- To plan continued training of FMISC staff for sustainable operation and development of FMIS.
- To plan improved and expanded FMIS for effective flood management, and in allied areas like drainage management, hazard mitigation, irrigation management, etc.
- To liaise with national entities such as NRSA, National Disaster Management Authority, etc for integration in national disaster management programmes.
- To liaise with Central Water Commission (CWC) and Ganga Flood Control Commission (GFCC) to ensure active participation, and integration in national and regional hydrologic programmes.
- FMISC will conduct workshops for all stakeholders including Water Resources Department staff on a continuing basis to foster greater utilization.
Establishment of Flood Management Improvement Support Centre ( FMISC )
- Directorate as multidisciplinary centre.
Flood Management Improvement Support Centre (FMISC) was established vide WRD Notification no-5/डी-4-10-01/07-551 dt 29-03-2010 after approval of the Chief Secretary, Government of Bihar. FMISC is under direct Administrative control of Engineer in Chief (N) and its structure vide the above Notification annexure-5 is as below:-
Joint Director – 1 post
Deputy Director – 2 posts
Assistant Director – 6 posts
Junior Engineer – 1 post
Accountant – 1 post
Correspondence Clerk – 3 posts
Steno Typist – 1 post
Typist – 2 posts
Account Clerk – 2 posts
Draftsman – 1 post
Photocopier – 1 post
Driver – 4 posts
Peon – 6 posts
Treasure Guard – 1 post
Chaukidar – 2 posts
Total – 34 posts
At present few Engineers are working in FMISC on deputation.
FMIS- PHASE- I
The FMIS in the first stage covered the focus area from Burhi Gandak River in the west to Kosi River in the east in North Bihar that is most flood prone area in the State. This included 11 districts i.e. East Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Muzaffarpur, Madhubani, Dharbanga, Samastipur, Supaul, Saharsa, Khagaria, and Begusarai covering 26000 sq km.
The FMIS Phase I was initiated in August 2006 and was scheduled to be completed by 31.10.07. The extension to the project till 30.06.08 was granted by the World Bank and the project completed and closed on this date.
PROJECT COMPONENTS OF PHASE -I
The project components included:
i) Development of FMIS
ii) Improved flood forecasting
iii) Bihar Flood Information Website
iv) Updated flood control manual
vi) Plan for upgrading hydrologic measurements and telemetry
ACHIEVEMENTS OF FMIS PHASE –I
The activity at FMIS generated and disseminated timely and customized information to move the sector agencies from disaster response to improved disaster preparedness and to effectively support flood control and management in the flood-prone areas of the State. A variety of materials related to the status of floods in Bihar were produced using remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) products.
Institutional synergies with Federal and State Government flood management agencies have also been established. Under an MOU, the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of the Department of Space, GoI has been providing more frequent remotely sensed inundation information than in previous flood seasons. NRSC also provided training and developed software to generate customized information products. Most recently NRSC has scheduled a 50 cm contour interval topographical survey of the Bagmati Basin and adjoining areas using the high resolution Airborne Laser Terrain Mapper that will be critical for high-resolution flood inundation modeling.
Under another MoU, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has been providing three-day rainfall forecasts customized for north Bihar and Nepal.
Similarly the Central Water Commission (CWC) has been providing rainfall and river stage information for the rivers in the project area as well as accessible information from the Nepal portion of the catchments.
The Disaster Management Department (DMD) in GoB used FMIS information to locate temporary and permanent relief camps and in effective delivery of relief material including air-dropping of food packets, while the Water Resources Department (WRD) could prioritize anti-erosion control schemes.
Phase-I provides the building blocks for Phase II to improve GoB capacity to use state-of-the-art forecasts and to enhance last-mile connectivity for flood preparedness and information management.
Area of Interest (AOI)
The FMIS in the first stage covers the area from Burhi Gandak River in the west to Kosi River in the east in North Bihar that is most flood prone in the State. It consists of 11 (administrative) districts namely East Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Supaul, Saharsa, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Samastipur, Begusarai, and Khagaria.
FMIS Phase-II started on 31-05-2010. In the mean time the FMIS sustained itself on the internal resources of the W.R.D. from 01-07-2008 to30-05-2010. The FMIS Phase II was scheduled to be completed by 31 December 2012 that has been extended till 30 Nov. 2014.
The FMIS Phase II was scheduled to be completed by 31 December 2012 that has bee extended till 30 Nov 2014.
Project Development Objective
- strengthen the basic institutional framework for improving flood management in the State of Bihar.
- Improve flood warning and preparedness for residents in targeted areas. ( the Bagmati-Adhwara Basin)
The Technical Assistance will have the following three components:
- FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE
- TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
1. Institutional Strengthening for Flood Management
This will include
- Capacity Building and Training
- Flood management strategy and planning
2. Development of Flood Management Information Systems
This will include
- Improve Knowledge Base for Flood Management
- Improve Modeling/Analysis for Flood Warning
- Establish an Embankment Asset Management System
3.Community-Based Flood Risk Management in Targeted Areas
This will include
- Planning Community Outreach for Flood Management
- Enhancing Community Participation for Flood Management
For the purpose, three Assistant Engineers and one Executie Engineerare deputed in the FMISC.
This will include
- Improvement in Bihar Flood Information Website
BIHAR KOSI FLOOD RECOVERY PROJECT (BKFRP)
The FMISC is supporting the implementation of the non-structural component under World Bank credit of BKFR Project.
The objective of this component is to strengthen the overall flood forecasting and flood and sediment management capacity in Bihar by enhancing knowledge, understanding and capacity of flood and sediment management.
The main tasks include
- Conducting a series of technical studies, mathematical and physical modelling, geotechnical and other investigations, setting up a centre of excellence for water resources, and flood management research and development.
- Establishing Embankment Asset Management System including training on inspection of embankments.
- Development of a flood and sediment management Master Plan.
- Enhancing the flood and early warning capacity in the state including development of a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for Kosi River Basin.
Our key stakeholders include
India Meteorological Department (IMD),
Central Water Commission (CWC),
Ganga Flood Control Commission (GFCC),
National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC),
National Institute of Hydrology (NIH),
Central Ground Water Board (CGWB),
Water Resources Department (WRD),
Disaster Management Department (DMD),
IInd Floor, FMISC
Jal Sansadhan Bhawan,Block-A,Anisabad, Patna-800002
For FMISC :
For Kosi Recovery Project